How Four Texan Lesbians were Wrongfully Convicted of Rape


How Four Texan Lesbians were Wrongfully Convicted of Rape

In recognition of Pride thirty days, we’re highlighting stories of exonerees who have been wrongfully convicted on such basis as their recognized identity that is sexual. These stories act as samples of exactly exactly how homophobia, transphobia, and basic anti-LGBTQ sentiments have now been ingrained within the justice system that is criminal.

A significant part of our society but also celebrate the LGBTQ exonerees, lawyers, community, and allies who stand up for the wrongfully convicted by showcasing these stories, we hope to inspire people to continue to fight against the injustices that plague.

The San Antonio Four

Four most readily useful buddies– Elizabeth Ramirez, Kristie Mayhugh, Cassandra Rivera and Anna Vasquez–also understood in the San Antonio Four, were wrongfully convicted in 1997 and 1998 of raping Ramirez’s seven- and nine-year-old nieces during a 1994 day at Ramirez’s San Antonio, Texas, apartment.

The 2 nieces testified which they had been sexually assaulted because of the four ladies at gunpoint. Medical testing suggested harm to the girls’ genitals; the expert witness on the truth reported that the wounds could’ve been triggered just by penetration with international things. The prosecutors took this evidence, coupled with prejudice sentiments that the ladies were lesbians, to persuade the jury which they had been bad among these sexual felonies. Ramirez ended up being convicted in 1997 and sentenced to very nearly 38 years in jail. The residual three females had been convicted the year that is following and every sentenced to 15 years.

The ladies have constantly maintained their purity and declined to take a plea deal.

“For a little while we had been merely a quantity lost in a method, then again these people that are wonderful along.” Cassandra Rivera

After evidence unveiled that the medical testimony presented in court ended up being erroneous and something of Ramirez’s nieces recanted her testimony, admitting that she was in fact forced by loved ones to deliver false testimony, the San Antonio Four’s protection lawyers filed for post-conviction relief in 2013. That all of the women were released year. Vasquez ended up being paroled into the summer time, but encountered restrictions because registered as a sex offender; almost a year later, one other three had been released following the Innocence venture of Texas filed its petition to reverse their convictions according to Texas’ forensic technology statute.

Now, for over couple of years, the San Antonio Four’s situation is checking out the Texas court system. They have been represented by defense lawyer Mike Ware, executive manager associated with Innocence venture of Texas.

“For some time we had been only a quantity lost in a method, then again these wonderful individuals arrived; we now have Mike Ware, who has got done wonders for people,” Rivera said within a present day at new york.

How police that are hispanic view their jobs

Hispanics will be the fastest-growing major racial or group that is ethnic regional authorities divisions in the us. In 2013, Hispanics composed 12% of full-time sworn officers, up 7 portion points considering that the belated 1980s, based on the Bureau of Justice Statistics. And they’re nevertheless underrepresented relative with their share associated with the U.S. populace, while black colored officers have actually gained parity with this measure.

A current Pew Research Center study shows just how Hispanic officers see their jobs, their communities along with other key dilemmas impacting authorities today. (The study ended up being carried out because of the nationwide Police Research system May 19-Aug. 14, 2016 and gathered the views of a nationally representative test of 7,917 sworn officers employed in 54 authorities and sheriff’s divisions with 100 or higher officers.)

Overall, Hispanic officers hold views just like those of white officers on a number of problems linked to recent high-profile incidents between blacks and authorities. But once it comes down to dealing with federal authorities on enforcing immigration rules, the views of Hispanic officers align more closely with those of black colored officers. Listed here are four key findings exactly how police that is hispanic see their jobs:

1 Like most cops, Hispanic officers have actually blended feelings about their work. A lot of Hispanic cops (63%) state their work usually or almost helps make them feel proud, a share just like compared to black colored (60percent) but slightly more than among white officers (58%). And 47% of Hispanic officers state their work usually or almost helps make them feel satisfied. During the exact same time, however, numerous Hispanic officers express frustration about their jobs. Approximately half (47%) state their work frequently or almost makes them feel frustrated In addition, about one-in-five Hispanic officers (21%) state their work frequently or almost helps make them feel furious.

2 Views of Latino officers on deadly incidents additionally the ensuing protests mirror those of white officers. Approximately seven-in-ten Latino and white officers (72percent of each and every team) say current deadly encounters between blacks together with police are isolated incidents, instead of indications of a wider issue between blacks plus the authorities.

In comparison, a lot of black colored officers (57%) see these incidents as indications of a more substantial issue. With regards to protests linked to those incidents, fewer than half of Latino officers (42%) and a level smaller share of white officers (27%) state that the desire that is genuine hold police accountable has reached minimum a number of the inspiration of these protests. In comparison, a lot of black colored officers (69%) state this.

3 comparable stocks of Hispanic officers and white officers state high-profile incidents between blacks and police have made policing harder. Seven-in-ten officers that are hispanic72%) state that officers within their divisions are actually less ready to stop and question individuals who appear dubious, a share just like the 73% of white officers whom state this. Approximately two-thirds (64%) of black officers say this. In addition, Hispanic and white officers are far more likely than black colored officers to report having been verbally mistreated by a part associated with community while on duty into the previous thirty days.

4 a lot of Latino (60%) and black colored (64%) officers state it must be as much as federal authorities to spot immigrants that are undocumented. Having said that, a lot of white officers (59%) say that whenever it comes down to distinguishing undocumented immigrants, neighborhood authorities should simply take a dynamic part.

The problem of immigration enforcement has gained prominence after President Donald Trump signed an order that is executive improve deportations and penalize “sanctuary urban centers” where local police don’t cooperate with federal immigration authorities.

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